About 1.3 million mentally ill people are in
local, state, and federal prisons. Mental illness is three to four times more
prevalent in parole and probation than in the population. According to a 2010
national health and law enforcement study, prisons and jails had approximately
ten times as many persons with mental health difficulties as hospitals and the
general community. Spending on mentally ill convicts rises with their number.
These interesting facts and others such as
some statistics and percentages on mental illness, incarcerated individuals,
how the bureau of prisons handles incarcerated people with mental illness,
prison housing for mentally ill incarcerated individuals, incarcerated
individual rights and mental health care, and more will be discussed in this
article. Ready to learn? Let’s get started.
Good And Interesting Facts About Mental Illness And Incarcerated Individuals
people with significant mental illness are detained than treated at the most
prominent remaining state psychiatric hospital in 44 states. The same is true
in every county in the United States that has both a county jail and a county
psychiatric facility. "There are more than three times more significantly
mentally ill patients in jails and prisons than in hospitals," a survey
showed in 2004-2005.
a special report compiled by the Bureau of
Statistics, inmates age 24 or younger had the highest rate of mental health problems
and those age 55 or older had the lowest rate. Among State prisoners, an
estimated 63% of those age 24 or younger had a mental health problem, compared
to 40% of those age 55 or older. According
to estimates, 70 percent of juvenile detainees in the local jail had a mental
health issue, while 52 percent of those 55 and older did. Simply put, a large
percentage of incarcerated individuals suffer from mental illness. Knowing this, it is reasonable to inquire
about the prison system's treatment of incarcerated individuals with mental
illness. Well, you're about to find out.
individuals are housed in federal and state prisons, run by the Department of
Justice's Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) and state corrections departments.
This population includes certain incarcerated individuals who, due to severe
mental illness, need access to mental health services while behind bars.
According to multiple U.S. courts, incarcerated individuals have the right to
proper medical and mental health care. Incarcerated individuals who have been
arrested for or convicted of federal charges are the responsibility of the
Bureau of Prisons (BOP), which is mandated by law to provide for their housing,
security, care, and sustenance.
Bureau of Prisons (BOP) provides incarcerated individuals with medical, dental,
and mental health services per community norms for a correctional facility. The importance of therapy and meditation is critical because it helps in suicide
prevention for incarcerated individuals. As of May 27, 2017, the BOP had
incarcerated and been responsible for the health and wellbeing of 187,910 incarcerated
individuals; of these, the agency identified 7,831 (4.2 percent) as having a
severe mental illness, as stated in the Report
to Congressional Committees by the United States Government Accountability
academics, politicians, and corrections staff worry about the disproportionate
number of people with mental illness and substance use problems who end up in
American jails and prisons. Incarcerated individuals have three to twelve times
the rate of mental problems as the general population. This is the case for
various mental health issues, from depression, anxiety, mania, panic attacks,
and schizophrenia to anxiety, mood, and impulse control problems.
Image Source: Pixabay
and worsening psychiatric symptoms are highly connected with prison conditions
such as overcrowding, a lack of mental health services in jail and prison, a
lack of privacy, an increased risk of victimization, and exposure to punitive
segregation (including self-harm). The Bureau of Prisons and 18 states either
met or surpassed overcrowding criteria in 2015. The Bureau of Prisons and 26
individual states reached or exceeded their bed quotas in 2015. Conditions
including severe depression, PTSD, anxiety, and psychosis worsen while
can be challenging to tell the difference between psychiatric symptoms and
aggressive or deviant behavior, which can lead to harsher punishment for the
individual in prison and the community at large. The restricted access to care
that characterizes correctional facilities exacerbates this tendency. It has
been estimated that incarcerated individuals with mental illness are 1.5-5 times
more likely to violate prison rules than those without mental disease. Incarcerated
individuals with mental health disorders are twice as likely as those without
to have been charged with attacking corrections officials or other convicts,
according to a national survey. In New York City, 38% of the prison population
in 2013 had some sort of mental health disorder, but these incarcerated
individuals were responsible for 60% of all "incidents". Acute mental illness
accounted for 16% of misbehavior occurrences but just 6% of the inmate
judicial rules for access to adequate health care in prisons, the availability
and quality of that care may be inadequate or intermittent. According to the
U.S. Bureau of Justice, only 51% of state prisons offered 24-hour mental health
care in the year 2000. A survey conducted in 2009 found that incarcerated
individuals, even those with long-term health problems, had limited access to
medical care while incarcerated.
funding and lack of political backing have led to a shortage of psychiatrists
and psychologists who are qualified to provide accurate diagnoses of mental
health problems. Due to the difficulties of providing additional resources and
services, including particular housing and treatment program demands, prison
managers are discouraged from evaluating and reporting inmate mental health
problems. Due to the high cost of providing medication for incarcerated
individuals, many correctional facilities do not provide medication therapy for
mental health conditions.
Image Source: Pixabay
For the cost of mental health
care for incarcerated individuals, the Department of Justice estimates that it
costs the American public around $15 million per year to house people with
mental illnesses in prisons and jails. This amounts to roughly $50,000 per
inmate per year. While there are federal guidelines for mental health care in
prisons, the resources available to individual facilities will vary depending
on factors such as where they are located, the demographics of the convicts
they house, and the number of trained staff members and those who can introduce
them. For example, in 2001, psychiatric drugs alone cost the Los Angeles County
Jail an estimated $10 million annually. In 2005, $8.3 million annually was
spent on the care of 8,371 incarcerated individuals with mental illness in
Ohio. Also impacting costs is the popularity of various treatments and
medications within a correctional facility. It's worth noting that in 2000, the
Cuyahoga County Jail in Ohio spent $175,000 alone on Zyprexa (olanzapine).
Image Source: Pixabay
The discussion regarding how to effectively
rehabilitate mentally ill incarcerated individuals involves not only how these
individuals are treated within correctional facilities but also the question of
whether the distribution of resources at the local, state, and federal levels
are adequate, appropriate, or in the incorrect place. The above are more interesting
or intriguing facts about incarcerated individuals with mental illness.
Read more about mental illness and incarcerated individuals by clicking on the link below: (Disclaimer: Affiliate Advertising. As an Amazon Associate, we earn from qualifying purchases.)
Mental Illness Among Prisoners: Diagnosis, Prevalence Estimates, And Examination Of Some Correlating Factors Paperback - January 2012 By Natnael Terefe (Author)
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